Main Page
Select Surah
Ayat
Latest Edits
Mushaf View
Qur'an Dictionary
Dashboard
News/Updates
About Us
Guidelines
Contact Us
Share Qur'an Wiki
Most Visited Ayat
al-Baqarah: 33
al-Fatihah: 1
an-Naba': 22
at-Taubah: 5
al-Ikhlas: 4
Most Visited Surah
al-Fatihah
al-Baqarah
Ale-Imran
an-Nas
Al-Isra
 
 
Create account | Login
ArticleDisplay All Mushaf View Qur'an Dictionary Dashboard  
Overview - Surah 72: al-Jinn (The Jinn ) Views: 01357
Overview - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - DISPLAY ALL
<< Prev Next >>
 Total Ayat 28
 
 Total Words 285
 
  Root Words 106
 
Unique Root Words 4
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

This Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْآنًا عَجَبًا "Say, [O Muhammad], "It has been revealed to me that a group of the jinn listened and said, 'Indeed, we have heard an amazing Qur'an." [72:1].

There are 28 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

In this Surah in v. 1-15, we are informed about the impact of the Qur’an on the company of the Jinn; when they heard it and what they said to their fellow Jinn when they returned to them. God, in this connection, has not cited their whole conversation but only those particular things which were worthy of mention. That is why the style is not that of a continuous speech but sentences have been cited to indicate that they said this and that. If one studies these sentences spoken by the Jinn carefully, one can easily understand the reason for the narration of this event; of their affirming the faith and mentioning their conversation with their people in the Qur’an.

After this, in v. 16-18, the people have been admonished, informing them that if they refrain from polytheism and firmly follow the way of righteousness, they will be blessed. Otherwise, if they turn away from the admonition sent down by God, they will meet a severe punishment. Then, in v. 19-23, the disbelievers of Makkah have been reproached for the manner in which they surround and mob the Messenger of God, informing them that the duty of the Messenger is only to convey the message and that he does not have any power to bring any gain or cause any harm to the people.

Then, in v. 24-25 the disbelievers have been warned about trying to overpower and suppress the Messenger, perceiving him to be weak and without many helpers, and that a time will come when they will know who in actual fact is weak and less in number. Whether that time is far off or near at hand, the Messenger has no knowledge thereof, but it will come to pass in any case. In conclusion, the people have been told that the Knower of the unseen is God alone. The Messenger receives only that knowledge which God gives him. This knowledge pertains to matters connected with the duties of Prophethood and it is delivered to him securely without any external interference whatsoever, from Jinns or anything else.

Back to Top   
Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Surah Nuh [71] and Jinn [72] both have 28 Ayat.
  • In Surah Jinn [72], the listening of the Jinns to the Qur'an was mentioned that how they were influenced when they listened to the Qur'an. In Surah al-Muzzammil [73], the Muslims have been advised to listen and recite it. 
Back to Top   
The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
Back to Top   
Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

According to a hadith narrated in the books of Bukhari and Muslim, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Abbas (a famous companion), once the Prophet was going to visit the fair of Ukaz with some of his companions. On the way he led the fajr (morning) prayer at Nakhlah. At that time a company of the Jinn happened to pass that way. When they heard the Qur’an being recited, they stopped and listened to it attentively. This very event has been described in this Surah.

Most of the commentators, on the basis of this hadith, believe that this relates to the Prophet’s well known journey to Ta’if, which had taken place three years before the Hijrah in the 10th year of the Prophethood. But this is not correct for several reasons. The Jinn’s hearing the Qur’an during the journey to Ta’if has been related in Surah al-Ahqaf 29-32. A cursory reading of those verses shows that the Jinn who had believed after hearing the Qur’an on that occasion were already believers in the Prophet Moses and the previous scriptures. On the contrary, v. 2-7 of this Surah clearly show that the Jinn who heard the Qur’an on this occasion were polytheists and deniers of the Hereafter and Prophethood. Then, it is confirmed historically that in his journey to Ta’if none accompanied the Prophet except Zayd bin Harithah. On the contrary, concerning this journey Ibn Abbas says that the Prophet was accompanied by some of his Companions. Furthermore, the hadith also agree that in that journey the Jinn heard the Qur’an when the Prophet had stopped at Nakhlah on his return journey from Ta’if to Makkah, and in this journey, according to the hadith of Ibn Abbas, the event of the Jinn’s hearing the Qur’an occurred when the Prophet was going to Ukaz from Makkah. Therefore, in view of these reasons what seems to be correct is that in Surah al-Ahqaf and Surah al-Jinn, one and the same event has not been narrated, but these were two separate events, which took place during two separate journeys.

As far as Surah 46: al-Ahqaf, in which a similar event is narrated, it is agreed that that event occurred on the return journey from Ta’if in the 10th year of Prophethood. As for the question, when this second event took place, it’s answer is not given by the narration of Abdullah ibn Abbas, nor does any other historical narration/tradition show when the Prophet had gone to the fair of Ukaz. However, a little consideration of v 8-10 of this Surah shows that this could only be an event of the earliest stage of Prophethood.

In these verses it has been stated that before the appointment of the Prophet to the divine mission, the Jinn used to eavesdrop in the lowest heaven (the universes) in order to hear news of the unseen or future.  The news of the future events were informed to the angels by God, who would pass this information through the heavens until it reached the lowest heaven, where the Jinn would sit and wait to catch something being spoken about. 

After the revelation began, they suddenly found that angels had been set as guards and meteorites were being shot on every side so that they could find no place of safety from where they could hear such secrets. Thereupon they realized that this must be due to some major event occurring for which the secrets were being hidden from them.

The Jinn were therefore moving about in search of an unusual occurrence on the earth and a group of them, on hearing the Qur’an from the Prophet, immediately understood that this was the very thing for which the secrets of the heavens had now been guarded against them.

Back to Top   
Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • A beautiful speech of the jinn who embraced Islam after hearing the Qur'an.Jinn also have different religions and sects, there are some Muslims and some deviators from the truth.
  • The reality of Jinn (for details see the following pages).
  • Mosques are built for the worship of Allah, so invoke no one else besides Him.
  • Rasools do not have the power to harm or benefit anyone, his mission is just to convey Allah's message.
  • Only Allah knows the unseen, He reveals it to whom He chooses from the Rasools.
Back to Top   
Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
Back to Top   
Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
Back to Top   
External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
Back to Top   
 
     © 2016 - 2017 Qur'an Wiki - Studying Divine Speech. | Disclaimer