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Overview - Surah 7: al-A`raf (The Elevated Places) Views: 02092
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 Total Ayat 206
 
 Total Words 3320
 
  Root Words 489
 
Unique Root Words 13
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The surah is named after the story of the men awaiting on the “Elevations” between Paradise and Hell.

It comprises of 206 Ayat.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The central theme of both Surah al-An’am and al-A’raf deal with the core issues of Faith but from different perspectives. Surah al-An’am presents the topic of Aqeedah and its realities by primarily focusing on the Jahilliyah [ignorance] of the Arabs whilst Surah al-A’raf deals with the Jahilliyah [ignorance] from a wider historical perspective, hence we find mention of Adam, Nuh People of Thamud, Lut, Madyan and Pharoah and his people.

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

The central theme of both Surah al-An’am and al-A’raf deal with the core issues of Faith but from different perspectives. Surah al-An’am presents the topic of Aqeedah and its realities by primarily focusing on the Jahilliyah [ignorance] of the Arabs whilst Surah al-A’raf deals with the Jahilliyah [ignorance] from a wider historical perspective, hence we find mention of Adam, Nuh People of Thamud, Lut, Madyan and Pharoah and his people.

Surah al-A’raf adopts a totally different approach as it discusses the same question of Faith. It provides for it with the panoramic setting of human history. It starts with mankind’s journey as it begins in heaven and where it aims to return. Along this great expanse, we see the procession of faith starting with the Prophet Adam to the last of all prophets and messengers, Muhammad (peace be upon him). The procession holds the banner of faith and advocates, throughout human history, that the only way to human happiness is for people to adopt the faith based on God’s oneness. The surah outlines what reception this call received in different periods of history; how the leaders of this procession put the message across to mankind, and the responses they received; how the people in power went about conducting their campaigns of opposition and how the procession of believers brushed them aside and went along its way. This surah also portrays the fate that befell opponents of faith in this life and the different destinies in the hereafter of both believers and unbelievers.

It is a very long journey, but the surah takes us along, stage by stage, making a stop at every landmark to indicate that the road is clearly demarcated with well known starting and finishing lines. All mankind travels along, aiming to return to the point where it started, in heaven, with the Supreme society. [REF: Qutb, Fi Dhilal al-Qur’an]

  • The previous surahs contain the new Mithaq [covenant] between Allah and the Muslim Ummah. This surah chronicles just how the previous nation, Bani Israel behaved with this Mithaq and how a person from amongst them [7:175] detached himself from the Revelation and the consequences of such actions.
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

It has been reported that the Prophet reciting this surah during Salatul Maghrib. [Sunan an-Nisai al-Kubra no.1061, Tafsir al-Maudhui, Dr. Mustafah Muslim.]

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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 29/05/2016
  • Interesting note in connection to the central theme: we find this surah has used the word قرية (Qaryah)  [and its various grammitical forms – meaning city, town] 10 times – the most frequent compared to any other surah.
  • We also find the word أمة (nation) used 8 times in its various forms – also more than any other surah. This is revealed in the last year of the Makkan period and on the eve of the creation of the Islamic state and birth of the Muslim Ummah – hence the most important lessons.
  • This Surah has mentioned 'Adam' seven times - more than any other Surah.
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

A study of its contents clearly shows that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah 6: al-An’am (The Grazing Livestock), i.e. the last year of the Prophet's life at Makkah, but it cannot be asserted with certainty which of these two were sent down earlier. The manner of its admonition clearly indicates that it belongs to the same period. [Ref: Mawdudi]

It is considered the longest surah revealed during the Makkan period. Some consider this surah to have been revealed after Surah 38: Sad. [Ref: Tafsir al-Maudheei, Dr. Mustafah Muslim, vol. 3, p. 2]

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • An invitation is given to the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) to become Muslims.
  • A warning is given to the unbelievers about the consequences of their denial through citing the example of punishments which were inflicted upon former people for their wrong attitude towards their Rasools.
  • The Jews are warned about the consequences of their hypocritical conduct towards the Prophets.
  • Commandment to propagate the message of Islam with wisdom.
  • The fact that the Rasools as well as the people to whom they are sent will be questioned on the Day of Judgement.
  • Commandment to the Believers that they should wear decent and proper dress and eat pure and good food.
  • Dialogue between the residents of paradise, the inmates of hell and the people of A'raf (a place between the Paradise and hell).
  • The fact that affluence and adversity are the reminders from Allah.
  • The fact that Muhammad (pbuh) is the Rasool for the all of mankind.
  • The fact that the advent of Muhammad (pbuh) was described in Torah and the Gospel (Bible).
  • The fact that the Jews have fabricated a wrong belief about Allah's forgiveness.
  • Mankind's testimony about Allah at the time of Adam's creation.
  • The fact that Allah created all of mankind from a single soul.
  • Allah's commandment to show forgiveness, speak for justice and avoid the ignorant.
  • Allah's commandment about listening to the recitation of The Qur'an with complete silence.
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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