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Overview - Surah 68: al-Qalam (The Pen ) Views: 01392
Overview - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 - 31 - 32 - 33 - 34 - 35 - 36 - 37 - 38 - 39 - 40 - 41 - 42 - 43 - 44 - 45 - 46 - 47 - 48 - 49 - 50 - 51 - 52 - DISPLAY ALL
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 Total Ayat 52
 
 Total Words 300
 
  Root Words 130
 
Unique Root Words 4
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

Surah al-Qalam takes its name from the first Ayat, ن ۚ وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ "Nun. By the pen and what they inscribe," [68:1].

There are 52 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

It consists of three themes: Replies to the objections of the opponents, warning and admonition to them, and exhortation to the Prophet to be patient and firm. At the outset, the Prophet has been consoled: “The disbelievers call you a madman whereas the Book that you are presenting and your magnificent conduct are in themselves sufficient to refute their accusations. Soon they will know as to who was mad and who was sane; therefore do not be affected by them, for they are only trying to intimidate you and make you compromise with them.”  Then, in order to enlighten the common people the character of a prominent man from among the opponents, whom the people of Makkah fully well recognised, has been presented, without naming him: At that time, the Prophet’s pure and sublime conduct was before them, and every discerning eye could also see what sort of character and morals were possessed by the chiefs of Makkah, who were leading the opposition against him. Then, in v. 17-33, the parable of the owners of a garden has been presented, who after having been blessed by God turned ungrateful to Him, and did not heed the admonition of the best man among them when it was given them. Consequently, they were deprived of the blessing and they realised this, when all they had lay devastated. With this parable the people of Makkah have been warned to the effect: “With the appointment of the Prophet to Prophethood, you, O people of Makkah, too, have been put to a test similar to the one to which the owners of the garden had been put. If you do not listen to him, you too will be afflicted with a punishment in the world and the punishment of the Hereafter is far greater.”

Then, in v. 34-47, the disbelievers have been admonished, in which they are addressed directly and sometimes through the Prophet. A summary of what has been said is: Well being in the Hereafter belongs to those who spend their lives in the world in full consciousness of God. It is utterly against reason that the obedient servants should meet in the Hereafter the same fate as the guilty. There is absolutely no basis of the disbelievers misunderstanding that God will treat them in the manner they choose for themselves, whereas they have no guarantee for this. Those who are being called upon to bow before God in the world and they refuse to do so, would be unable to prostrate themselves on the Day of Resurrection even if they wanted to do so, and thus would stand disgraced and condemned. Having denied the Qur’an they cannot escape Divine punishment. The rein they are being given, has deluded them. They think that since they are not being punished in spite of their denial, they must be on the right path, whereas they are following the path of ruin. They have no reasonable ground for opposing the Messenger, for he is a preacher without any vested interest: he is not asking any reward of them for himself, and they cannot either make the claim that they know with certainty that he is not a true Messenger, nor that what he says is false. In conclusion, the Prophet has been exhorted to bear with patience the hardships that you face in the way of preaching the Faith till God’s judgment arrives.

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Both Surah al-Qalam [68] and Surah al-Haqqah [69] have 52 Ayat.
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • The Surah begins with the letter ن Nun - and this Surah has the highest frequency of the letter ن Nun in its words compared to any other Surah. [confirmation needed]
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

This is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed at Makkah and its subject matter shows that it was sent down at the time when opposition to the Prophet had grown very harsh and oppressive.

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Allah declared Muhammad (pbuh) to be of the highest moral character.
  • Commandment of not yielding to any disbelieving oath monger, slanderer and wicked person.
  • Example of the arrogant stingy owners of a garden who did not want to pay charity and as a result, their garden was destroyed.
  • Allah is not going to treat the Muslims as He will treat the guilty.
  • Those who do not believe in Allah's revelations are led step by step towards destruction.
  • Three important themes of this Surah:
  • Response to the opponents objections,
  • Warning and admonition to the disbelievers, and
  • Exhortation of patience to the Prophet (pbuh).
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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