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Overview - Surah 5: al-Ma'idah (The Table) Views: 02145
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 Total Ayat 120
 
 Total Words 2804
 
  Root Words 431
 
Unique Root Words 11
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The name of the Surah is taken from the incident of the disciples of Jesus asking him to pray for a Table spread with food [5:112].

There are 120 Ayat in Surah al-Maidah

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 17/03/2017
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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/04/2016
  • "O you who Believe" - The opening words of the Surah appear more times in Surah al-Maidah compared to all other Surahs, occuring 16 times  [confimation needed]
  • The word 'Food' [طعم] has been mentioned more times in this Surah than any other Surah of the Qur'an. It has been mentioned 6 times.
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

The theme of this Surah indicates and traditions support it, that it was revealed after the treaty of Hudaibiyah at the end of 6 A.H. or in the beginning of 7 A.H.

The Prophet set out along with 1400 Muslims to Makkah in 6 A.H. to perform Umrah (the lesser pilgrimage). Even though it was against all the ancient religious traditions of Arabia – the Quraysh prevented them. After a fair amount of negotiation,  a treaty was concluded at Hudaibiyah according to which it was agreed that he would be allowed to perform Umrah the following year. This is why the introductory verses deal with with the pilgrimage to Makkah and the same theme has been resumed in v. 101-104. The other topics of this Surah also appear to belong to the same period. [REF: Mawdudi]

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

The general attitude towards the Muslims had now changed since the revelation of the previous Surahs 3: Al-Imran (Family of Imran) and Surah 4: An-Nisa (The Women)

Islam had become a force and the Islamic State had extended to Najd on the east, to the Red Sea on the west, to Syria on the north, and to Makkah on the south. The set-back which the Muslims had suffered at Uhud had not broken their determination. It had rather spurred them to action. As a result of their continuous struggle and unparalleled sacrifices the power of the surrounding clans within a radius of 200 miles or so had been subdued. The conspiracies of the Jewish tribes -  which had always threatened Madinah -  were totally removed and the Jews in other parts of the Arabian Peninsula (Hijaz) had become tributaries of the State of Madinah. The last effort of the Quraysh to suppress Islam had been thwarted in the Battle of the Ditch. After this it had become quite obvious to the Arabs that no power could suppress the Islamic movement.

Islam was no longer merely a creed which ruled over the minds and hearts of the people but had also become a State which dominated over every aspect of the life of the people who lived within its boundaries. This had enabled the Muslims to live their lives without any hindrance in accordance with their beliefs.

Another development had also taken place during this period. The Muslim state had developed in accordance with the principles of Islam and this was quite distinct from all other civilisations in all its details. It identified the Muslims clearly from the non-Muslims in their moral, social and cultural behaviour. Mosques had been built in all territories, prayer had been established and a leader (Imam) for every habitation and clan had been appointed. The Islamic civil and criminal laws had been formulated in detail and were being enforced through the Islamic courts. New and reformed ways of trade and commerce had taken the place of the old ones. The Islamic laws of marriage and divorce, of the segregation of the sexes, of the punishment for adultery and slander and the like had cast the social life of the Muslims in a special mould. Their social behaviour, their conversation, their dress, their very mode of living, their culture etc., had taken a definite shape of its own. As a result of all these changes, the non-Muslims could not expect that the Muslims would ever return to their former ways. Before the treaty of Hudaibiyah, the Muslims were so engaged in their struggle with the non-Muslim Quraysh that had little time to propagate their message. This was resolved by what was apparently a defeat but in reality a victory at Hudaibiyah. This gave the Muslims not only peace in their own territory but also respite to spread their message in the surrounding territories. Accordingly, the Prophet addressed letters to the chiefs of Arabia, the rulers of Persia, Egypt and the Roman Empire inviting them to Islam. At the same time the missionaries of Islam spread among the clans and tribes and invited them to accept the Divine Way of God. These were the circumstances at the time when al- Ma’idah was revealed.

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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Lawful (Halal) and unlawful (Haram) in the matters of food.
  • Permission to eat the food of Ahl-al-Kitab (Jews and Christians).
  • Permission to marry women of Ahl-al-Kitab (Jews and Christians).
  • Regulations about bath, wudhu and Tayammum.
  • The fact that Salah and Zakah were also obligatory for Jews and Christians.
  • Invitation to Jews and Christians to become Muslims.
  • Those who do not judge by the Laws of Allah are declared to be unbelievers, wrong doers and transgressors.
  • Warning to guard against corruption of power.
  • Punishment for rebellion, disturbing the peace and theft.
  • Absolute prohibition of drinking and gambling.
  • Additional rules for the laws of evidence.
  • Miracles of Jesus - and the fact that he did not claim divinity.
  • Testimony of Jesus which he shall give on the Day of Judgement.
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 26/04/2016
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