Main Page
Select Surah
Ayat
Latest Edits
Mushaf View
Qur'an Dictionary
Dashboard
News/Updates
About Us
Guidelines
Contact Us
Share Qur'an Wiki
Most Visited Ayat
al-Baqarah: 33
al-Fatihah: 1
al-Ikhlas: 4
an-Naba': 22
at-Taubah: 5
Most Visited Surah
al-Fatihah
al-Baqarah
Ale-Imran
an-Nas
Al-Isra
 
 
Create account | Login
ArticleDisplay All Mushaf View Qur'an Dictionary Dashboard  
Overview - Surah 38: Sad (Sad) Views: 01365
Overview - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 - 31 - 32 - 33 - 34 - 35 - 36 - 37 - 38 - 39 - 40 - 41 - 42 - 43 - 44 - 45 - 46 - 47 - 48 - 49 - 50 - 51 - 52 - 53 - 54 - 55 - 56 - 57 - 58 - 59 - 60 - 61 - 62 - 63 - 64 - 65 - 66 - 67 - 68 - 69 - 70 - 71 - 72 - 73 - 74 - 75 - 76 - 77 - 78 - 79 - 80 - 81 - 82 - 83 - 84 - 85 - 86 - 87 - 88 - DISPLAY ALL
<< Prev Next >>
 Total Ayat 88
 
 Total Words 733
 
  Root Words 247
 
Unique Root Words 6
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

The Surah takes its name from the letter 'Sad' which is in the first Ayat, ص ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ ذِي الذِّكْرِ "Sad. By the Qur'an containing reminder..." (38:1).

There are 88 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

The Surah begins with a review of the aforesaid meeting. Making the dialogue between the Prophet and the disbelievers the basis, God says that the actual reason with those people for their denial is not any defect in the message of Islam but their own arrogance, jealousy and insistence on following the blind. They are not prepared to believe in a man from their own clan as a Prophet of God and follow him. They want to persist in the ideas of ignorance which they have found their ancestors following. And when a person exposes this ignorance and presents the truth before them, they are alarmed and regard it as an oddity, rather as a novel and impossible thing. For them the concept of Monotheism (Tawhid) and the Hereafter is not only an unacceptable creed but also a concept which only deserves to be ridiculed and mocked.

Then, God, both in the initial part of the Surah and in its last sentences, has precisely warned the disbelievers, as if to say, “The man whom you are ridiculing today and whose guidance you reject will soon overpower you, and the time is not far when in this very city of Makkah, where you are persecuting him, he will overwhelm you completely.” Then describing nine of the Prophets, one after the other, with greater details of the story of the Prophets David and Solomon; God has emphasized the point that His Law of Justice is impartial and objective, that only the right attitude of man is acceptable to Him, that He calls to account and punishes every wrongdoer, whoever he be, and that He likes only those people who do not persist in wrongdoing but repent as soon as they are warned of it, and pass their life in the world keeping in mind their accountability in the Hereafter.

After this, the final end that the obedient servants and the disobedient people will meet in the Hereafter, has been depicted, and two things have been especially impressed on the disbelievers:

1.         That the leaders and guides whom the ignorant people are following blindly in the world, on the way of deviation, will have reached Hell even before their followers in the Hereafter, and the two groups will be cursing each other there;

2.         That the disbelievers will be amazed to see that there is no trace whatever in Hell of the believers whom they used to regard as contemptible in the world and will themselves be involved in its torment.

In conclusion, mention has been made of the story of Adam and Satan (Iblis), which is meant to tell the disbelieving Quraysh that the same arrogance and vanity which was preventing them from bowing before Muhammad had prevented Satan also from bowing before Adam. Satan felt jealous of the high rank God had given to Adam and became accursed when he disobeyed His Command. Likewise, “You, O people of Quraysh, are feeling jealous of the high rank God has bestowed on Muhammad and are not prepared to obey him whom God has appointed His messenger. Therefore, you will be doomed ultimately to the same fate as will be met by Satan.”

Back to Top   
Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • In the beginning there is an Ayat of prostration (38:24) and the end of the Surah, Iblees's refusal to prostrate (38:73 onwards) is mentioned in the story of the creation of Adam. 
  • Reminder - There is mention of the Qur'an being a reminder in the beginning and the end of the Surah.
  • ص ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ ذِي الذِّكْرِ "Sad. By the Qur'an containing reminder..." (38:1)
  • إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِّلْعَالَمِينَ "It is but a reminder to the worlds." (28:87) 
Back to Top   
Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 10/03/2016
  • The connection between the beginning of Surat Sad and the end of As-Saffat is clear. The ending of Surat As-Saffat contains a warning to the disbelievers of defeat in the world and punishmnet in the hereafter: "Then for Our punishment are they impatient?" (37:176) "But when it descends in their territory, then evil is the warning of those who were warned" (37:177) "And leave them for a time" (37:178) "And see for they are going to see." (37:179). In the beginning of Surat Sad, Allah relates the punishment of the previous nations that denied the message. Their regret was of no avail to them when they regretted: "How many a generation have We destroyed before them, and they [then] called out; but it was not a time for escape." (38:3).
  • In the end of Surat Sad, Allah says: "It is but a reminder to the worlds." (37:87). In the beginning of Surat Az-Zumar He says: "The revelation of the Qur'an is from Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (39:1). It is as if it is being said: 'this reminder is a revelation', such is the connection that if the 'Basmallah' in Surat Az-Zumar was removed, the ending of Sad with seemlessly connect to the beginning of Az-Zumar. (Ref: Asraar Tarteeb al Qur'aan, Al Suyuti 16/1).
Back to Top   
The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • This Surah has the highest mention of the name of Prophet Dawud [David] - It is mentioned 5 times. 
  • The repentant nature of three prophets are mentioned إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ:
  •  اصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَاذْكُرْ عَبْدَنَا دَاوُودَ ذَا الْأَيْدِ ۖ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ "Be patient over what they say and remember Our servant, David, the possessor of strength; indeed, he was one who repeatedly turned back [to Allah]." (38:17)
  • وَوَهَبْنَا لِدَاوُودَ سُلَيْمَانَ ۚ نِعْمَ الْعَبْدُ ۖ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ "And to David We gave Solomon. An excellent servant, indeed he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah]." (38:30)
  • وَخُذْ بِيَدِكَ ضِغْثًا فَاضْرِب بِّهِ وَلَا تَحْنَثْ ۗ إِنَّا وَجَدْنَاهُ صَابِرًا ۚ نِّعْمَ الْعَبْدُ ۖ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ "[We said], "And take in your hand a bunch [of grass] and strike with it and do not break your oath." Indeed, We found him patient, an excellent servant. Indeed, he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah]." (38:44)
Back to Top   
Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • The Surah begins with the letter ص Sad - and this Surah has the highest frequency of the letter ص Sad in its words compared to any other Surah [confirmation needed]
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
Back to Top   
Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • Al-Qur'an is full of admonition. The disbelievers are in sheer arrogance for calling the Prophet a liar.
  • Story of the Prophet Dawood:
  • The mountains and birds used to sing the rhymes of Allah with him.
  • The litigants who came to him for a decision.
  • The fact that Allah has not created the heavens and earth in vain.
  • Story of the Prophet Sulaiman:
  • His inspection of steeds which were to be used in Jihad.
  • His prayer to grant him a kingdom similar of which may not be granted to any one.
  • Story of Ayub, his sickness, patience and relief.
  • The mission of the Prophet:
  • Warn the people
  • Declare that there is no divinity except Allah.
  • Story of Adam and disobedience of Iblees (Shaitan).
Back to Top   
Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
Umar Khattab, Birmingham03/12/2015 14:27
One of my favourite Surahs....
Back to Top   
Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
Back to Top   
External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
Back to Top   
 
     © 2016 - 2017 Qur'an Wiki - Studying Divine Speech. | Disclaimer