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Overview - Surah 3: Ale-Imran (The Family Of Imran ) Views: 10616
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 Total Ayat 200
 
 Total Words 3481
 
  Root Words 452
 
Unique Root Words 6
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 11/05/2017

It is named after Ale-Imran ‘the family of Imran’ – Imran being the grandfather of Jesus [Isa], and the father of Mary [Maryam]. Other than this Surah, Imran is not mentioned in the rest of the Qur’an with the exception of Surah 66: at-Tahreem – ‘Maryam daughter of Imran’ [66:12]. 

Zahra It has been reported in statements that both Surah al-Baqarah and Ale Imran are ‘Zahrawayn’ [Two Lights (of guidance)]

There are 200 Ayat in Surah Ale-Imran.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 11/05/2017

Guidance. This Surah is the sequel to Surah 2: al-Baqarah (The Cow) and the invitation therein is continued to The People of the Book. In Al-Baqarah the Jews were pointedly invited to accept the Guidance and in this Surah, the Christians have particularly been admonished to give up their erroneous beliefs and accept the Guidance of the Qur'an. At the same time the Muslims have been instructed to nourish the virtues that may enable them to carry out their obligations and spread the Divine Guidance.

Oneness of God. From the very outset we have the words ‘God, there is no Ilah [diety] except He....’ (3:2). Correcting any false notions about the divinty of God and the relationships between the creation and their Creator. 

Firmness upon the truth.  From the opening of the Surah we have the dua, "Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy. Indeed, You are the Bestower." (3:8). Various facets of being firm upon Islam are mentioned throughtout the Surah, whether that be firmness ideologically (references to Christian beliefs) or militarily (references to the Battle of Uhud and reasons for defeat). Being firm upon Islam requires strong patience and the Surah ends, "O you who have believed, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful." (3:200). 

The reasons and ways of staying firm:

  1. Holding firmly on the Qur'an and Sunnah. "And how could you disbelieve while to you are being recited the verses of Allah and among you is His Messenger? And whoever holds firmly to Allah has [indeed] been guided to a straight path." (3:101)
     
  2. Taqwah of Allah. "O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]." (3:102)
     
  3. Sticking to Allah and the Jam'ah [main body of Muslims]. "And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favor of Allah upon you - when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided." (3:103)
     
  4. Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil. "And let there be [arising] from you a nation inviting to [all that is] good, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and those will be the successful." (3:104)
     
  5. Not differing in the Deen. "And do not be like the ones who became divided and differed after the clear proofs had come to them. And those will have a great punishment." (3:105)
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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 11/05/2017

Ale-Imran - Family of Imran

The Surah is named after the ‘Family of Imran [grandfather of Jesus]’ – amongst the greatest of families in human history [3:33]. This blessed family includes the below personalities who were known for their great service of the religion of God; 

  • Imran [Father of Mary]
  • Wife of Imran [Mother of Mary]
  • Mary [Mother of Jesus]
  • Jesus [Messenger of Allah]
  • Zakariyyah [Uncle of Mary/responsible for her and a Prophet]
  • Yahyah [John the Baptist – son of Zakariyyah and a Prophet]

Zahra - Light

This Surah [along with al-Baqarah]  are lights of guidance for the Believers in their journey to God.  

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

- There are profound duas in the beginning of the Surah and at the end. Ayat 8/9 and 193/194 - In the beginning of the Surah, there is a mention of the Torah and the Injeel as previous revelations [3:3] – and in in the end ‘...those who believe in God and what was revealed to you and what was revealed to them....’ [3:199]

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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 12/03/2017
  • They both begin with Alif-Lam-Meeem.
  • Both end with profound Duas.
  • Both revealed in Madinah.
  • Al-Baqarah declares the Muslims as the ‘Middle Nation’ (2:143) and Ale-Imran declares the Muslims as the ‘Best nation’ (3:110) brought forth for the service of Mankind.
  • They both contain Ayaat on usury/interest. 
  • Both contain Ayaat which state the the Martyrs are alive.
  • Surah al-Baqarah and Ale-Imran are the only Surahs of the Qur'an (2:96) (3:185) which have the root word زُحْزِحَ
  • The first mention of Jannah in both Surah al-Baqarah  and Al-Imran mention Azwaj un Mutaharah 'Purified Spouses.' In (2:25) and (3:15).
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 11/05/2017
  • The Prophet said, “Recite the Qur'an, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for those who recite It. Recite the two bright ones, al-Baqara and Surah Al 'Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection they will come as two clouds or two shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks, pleading for those who recite them....” [Sahih Muslim no. 804]
     
  • وعن النواس بن سمعان رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول‏:‏ ‏ "‏يؤتى يوم القيامة بالقرآن وأهله الذين كانو يعملون به في الدنيا تقدمه سورة البقرة وآل عمران تحاجان عن صاحبهما ‏

    An-Nawwas bin Sam'an reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, "The Qur'an and its people who applied it, will be brought on the Day of Resurrection preceded with Surat Al-Baqarah and Surat Al-'Imran arguing on behalf of those who applied them." [Saheeh Muslim]

  • On the authority of Abu Ummamah that the Messeneger of Allah said, ‘ The Greatest Name of Allah by which if He is supplicated will be answered is in three Surahs, al-Baqarah, Ale-Imran and Taha.....i.e. al-Hayyu al-Qayyum.’ [Mustradak al-Hakim no. 1867]

  • Virtue of the end of the Surah. Bilal [ra] came to the Messenger of Allah to awaken him for Salah al-Fajr and he saw him crying. He said, "O Messenger of Allah why are you crying? Indeed, Allah has forgiven you your previous and future sins." The Messenger replied, "Waiyhak O Bilal, what will prevent me from crying whereas Allah has revealed upon me this night these Ayat, "Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding" (3:190)....[until the end of the Surah]. Then he said, "Woe to the one who recites these Ayat and does not reflect upon them." [Ibn Hibban]

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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 24/09/2016
  • Submission - words derived from S-L-M – appear most in this Surah compared with the rest of the Qur’an. The most frequent these root letters ever appear in a single Ayat also occurs in this Surah. Allah Almighty says, "So if they argue with you, say, "I have submitted myself to Allah [in Islam], and [so have] those who follow me." And say to those who were given the Scripture and [to] the unlearned, "Have you submitted yourselves?" And if they submit [in Islam], they are rightly guided; but if they turn away - then upon you is only the [duty of] notification. And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants." [3:20]
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 26/02/2017
  • This Surah has the most amount of repition of the phrase ‘La ilaha ilaAllah’ – It occurs four times – 3:2, 3:6, 3:18, 3:62 
  • Words derived from S-L-M – appear most in this Surah compared with the rest of the Qur’an. The most frequent these root letters ever appear in a single Ayat also occurs in this Surah. Allah Almighty says, "So if they argue with you, say, "I have submitted myself to Allah [in Islam], and [so have] those who follow me." And say to those who were given the Scripture and [to] the unlearned, "Have you submitted yourselves?" And if they submit [in Islam], they are rightly guided; but if they turn away - then upon you is only the [duty of] notification. And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants." [3:20]
  • This is the only Surah in the Qur'an where the word رَمْزًا [signs, gestures] appears [3:41]
  • This is the only Surah in the Qur'an where the word تَدَّخِرُونَ [store] appears [3:49]
  • The triliteral root mīm ḥā ṣād م ح ص [purify, purge] only occurs in Surah Al-Imran occuring twice [3:141] and [3:154]
  • Words from h-s-b  ح س ب [account, calculate, think] appear most in Surah Ale-Imran compared to all other Surahs.
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 12/05/2017

“This Surah consists of four discourses:

  • The first discourse (v. 1-32) was probably revealed soon after the Battle of Badr.
  • The second discourse (v. 33-63) was revealed in 9 A.H. (After Hijrah - migration from Makkah to Madinah) on the occasion of the visit of the deputation from the Christians of Najran.
  • The third discourse (v. 64-120) appears to have been revealed immediately after the first one.
  • The fourth discourse (v. 121-200) was revealed after the Battle of Uhud.” [Mawdudi]
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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

1. The Believers had met with all sorts of trials and hardships about which they had been forewarned in Al-Baqarah. Though they had come out victorious in the Battle of Badr they were not out of danger yet. Their victory had aroused the enmity of all those powers in Arabia which were opposed to the islamic Movement. Signs of threatening storms had begun to appear on all sides and the Muslims were in a perpetual state of fear and anxiety. It looked as if the whole Arabian world around the tiny state of Madinah - which was no more than a village state at that time - was bent upon blotting out its very existence. This state of war was also adversely affecting its economy which had already been badly disturbed by the influx of the Muslim refugees from Makkah.

2. Then there was the disturbing problem of the Jewish clans who lived in the suburbs of Madinah. They were discarding the treaties of alliance they had made with the Prophet after his migration from Makkah. So much so that on the occasion of the Battle of Badr these people of the Book sympathized with the evil aims of the idolaters in spite of the fact that their fundamental articles of Faith - Monotheism, Prophethood and Life-after-death - were the same as those of the Muslims. After the Battle of Badr they openly began to incite the Quraysh and other Arab clans to wreak their vengeance on the Muslims. Thus those Jewish clans set aside their centuries-old friendly and neighbourly relations with the people of Madinah. At last when their mischievous actions and breaches of treaties became unbearable the Prophet attacked the Bani-Qaynuqah, the most mischievous of all the other Jewish clans who had conspired with the hypocrites of Madinah and the idolatrous Arab clans to encircle the Believers on all sides. The magnitude of the peril might be judged from the fact that even the life of the Prophet himself was always in danger. Therefore his Companions slept in their armours during that period and kept watch at night to guard against any sudden attack and whenever the Prophet happened to be out of sight even for a short while they would at once set out in search of him.

3. This incitement by the Jews added fuel to the fire which was burning in the hearts of the Quraysh and they began to make preparations to avenge the defeat they had suffered at Badr. A year after this an army of 3000 strong marched out of Makkah to invade Madinah and a battle took place at the foot of Mount Uhud. The Prophet came out of Madinah with one thousand men to meet the enemy. While they were marching to the battlefield three hundred hypocrites deserted the army and returned to Madinah but there still remained a small band of hypocrites among the seven hundred who accompanied the Prophet. They played their part and did their utmost to create mischief and chaos in the ranks of the Believers during the Battle. This was the first clear indication of the fact that within the fold of the Muslim Community there was quite a large number of saboteurs who were always ready to conspire with the external enemies to harm their own brethren.

4. Though the devices of the hypocrites had played a great part in the set-back at Uhud, the weaknesses of the Muslims themselves contributed no less to it. And it was but natural that the Muslims should show signs of moral weakness for they were a new community which had only recently been formed on a new ideology and had not as yet got a thorough moral training. Naturally in this second hard test of their physical and moral strength some weaknesses came to the surface. That is why a detailed review of the Battle of Uhud was needed to warn the Muslims of their shortcomings and to issue instructions for their reform. It should also be noted that this review of the Battle is quite different from the reviews that are usually made by generals on similar occasions.

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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 02/04/2017
  1. In addressing the Christians, the focus has been the ‘humanity’ of Jesus as opposed to him being Divine. Highlighting his family history demonstrates that his orgins are special but fundamentally human. The name of the Surah is named after the family of Jesus [beginning with this grandfather Jesus].
  2. This Surah has the most amount of repition of the phrase ‘La ilaha ilaAllah’ – It occurs four times – 3:2, 3:6, 3:18, 3:62 [Tafsir al-Maudhuyee, Dr. Mustafah Muslim vol. 1 p. 409.]
  3. Words derived from S-L-M – appear most in this Surah compared with the rest of the Qur’an. The most the root letters ever appear in a single Ayat also occurs in this Surah. Allah Almighty says, So if they argue with you, say, "I have submitted myself to Allah [in Islam], and [so have] those who follow me." And say to those who were given the Scripture and [to] the unlearned, "Have you submitted yourselves?" And if they submit [in Islam], they are rightly guided; but if they turn away - then upon you is only the [duty of] notification. And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants. [3:20].
  4. Allah says in Ayat 59 that ‘ the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam....’ We find that Adam and Jesus in the whole of the Qur’an both occur exactly 25 times each.
  5. The Qur’an is a fulfilment of the prophecies mentioned in the Torah and Injeel.
  6. Allah's testimony about Himself.
  7. Decisive vs. Allegorical verses of The Qur'an.
  8. The True religion in the sight of Allah is only Islam.
  9. The only religion acceptable to Allah is Islam.
  10. Live Islam and die as a Muslim in order to get salvation.
  11. Followers of Isa (Jesus) were Muslims.
  12. Birth of Maryam (Mary), Yahya (John) and Isa (Jesus) peace be upon them.
  13. 'Mubahla' (calling for Allah's decision if the birth of Jesus is disputed). He was born without a father, as Adam (first man) was born without parents and Eve (first woman) was born without a mother.
  14. Life and death is from Allah.
  15. There is no escape from death.
  16. Those who are killed in the path of Allah are not dead, but are alive.
  17. Muhammad (pbuh) is no more than a Rasool/Prophet of Allah.
  18. Prohibition to take the unbelievers as protectors.
  19. The first House of Allah ever built on earth is that of Ka'bah at Makkah.
  20. Critical review and lessons taught during the Battle of Uhud. In his book, Zad al-Ma`ad, Ibn al-Qayyim cited many of the rulings and noble lessons derived from the battle of Uhud, among them:

    1. The believers learned the negative consequence of disobedience, loss of courage and dispute, and that what occurred was the result of it. As Allah(Almighty) said: And Allah had certainly fulfilled His promise to you when you were killing them, with His permission, until when you lost courage and fell to disputing about the [Prophet's] order and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you love. Among you are some who desire this world, and among you are some who desire the Hereafter. Then He turned you back from them [defeated] that He might test you. And He has forgiven you. (3:152) 

    When they experienced the consequence of their disobedience to the Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah upon him), their weakening and their arguments, they became more careful and aware thereafter.

    2. Allah's wisdom and method required that His messengers and their followers triumphed at times and are defeated at times, but the outcome was always in their favour. Because if they were continually victorious, non-believers as well as believers would join them, so believers could not be distinguished from others.

    3. Sincere believers were distinguished from hypocrites, for when Allah(Almighty) gave the Muslims victory over their enemies on the day of Badr some entered Islam whose motives were not as they appeared. So, the wisdom of Allah(Almighty) necessitated a test to differentiate between the believer and the hypocrite. In this battle, the hypocrites showed their true colours and spoke of what they had previously concealed. So, the believers realized that they had an enemy from within and thus could be cautious of them and prepared for them.

    4. Allah(Almighty) tests His servants in both good times and bad through that which they like and which they dislike, in victory and defeat. When they show firm obedience and servitude in what they like and what they dislike, then they are true servants of his.

    5. If Allah(Almighty) had always given them victory in every circumstance and had always subdued their enemies, they would have become oppressive and arrogant. His servants are only kept righteous and balanced through good times and bad, hardship and ease.

    6. When Allah(Almighty) afflicts them with setbacks, loss and defeat, they become humble and submissive, making them deserving of His might and victory.

    7. Allah(Almighty) has prepared for His believing servants positions in His Paradise which they cannot reach through their deeds; they will reach them only through difficulties and trials. So, He gives them the means to reach those positions in the form of problems and ordeals.

    8. When enjoying continuous health, wealth and ascendancy, human souls acquire an oppressive and impatient nature. This is a disease that hinders one on his journey to Allah(Almighty) and the Hereafter. So, when Allah(Almighty) intends to honour a soul, He gives it difficulties and hardships which serve as treatment for that disease, like a doctor who makes a patient drink a bitter medicine or removes diseased parts from him. And if he left him to his own wishes and inclinations, they would destroy him.

    9. Martyrdom in the sight of Allah(Almighty) is among the highest ranks earned by His allies. The martyrs are His privileged servants who are nearest to Him. In fact, after the rank of siddeeq (the intimate and fervent supporter of a prophet) comes that of the shaheed (martyr). The only way to attain this rank is through the circumstances leading to it, i.e., being overcome by an enemy.

    10. When Allah(Almighty) intends to destroy His enemies he provides them with the causes of their destruction. The greatest of these causes after unbelief is their oppression, tyranny and abuse of His sincere allies, their waging war against them and overpowering them. In this way, He(Almighty) purifies His servants of their sins and faults. And thereby, He increases the causes of His enemies' destruction.

.....read more
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