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Overview - Surah 19: Maryam (Mary) Views: 01923
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 Total Ayat 98
 Total Words 961
  Root Words 252
Unique Root Words 9
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

The Surah is named after Maryam, the mother of Isa [Jesus].

Allah's Messenger said, "Many amongst men attained perfection but amongst women none attained the perfection except Mary, the daughter of `Imran and Asiya, the wife of Pharaoh. And the superiority of `Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (i.e. an Arabic dish) to other meals." [Bukhari 3769]

There are 98 Ayat in this Surah.

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Jesus Christ is not the Son of God - before introducing the story of Jesus and Mary, the birth of John the Baptist [Yahyah] to Zakariyah is mentioned to show how a figure of history living in the very era of Jesus was also a miraculous birth - being born to very elderly parents. A number of Prophets are mentioned in this Surah and all of them are very familiar to Christians. This is to remind them that the underlying message all of them lived and preached was that of obedience and submission to the One true God. Hence, Christians are being invited to give up the belief in Trinity and accept and follow the unadulterated Tawheed [Oneness of God]. 

Keeping in view this historical background it becomes quite obvious that this Surah was sent down to serve the migrants as a provision for their journey to Abyssinia, as if to say though you are leaving your country as persecuted emigrants to a Christian country you should not in the least hide anything from the teachings you have received. Therefore you should plainly say to the Christians that Prophet Jesus was not the son of God.

After relating the story of Prophet’s John and Jesus in v. 1-40, the story of Prophet Abraham has been related (v. 41-50) for the benefit of the Migrants - for he also had been forced like them to leave his country by the persecution of his father, his family and his countrymen. On the one hand this was meant to console the Emigrants showing that they were following the footsteps of Prophet Abraham and would attain the same good result. On the other hand it meant to warn the disbelievers of Makkah that they should note it well that they were following the ways of those who had persecuted their forefather Abraham - while the Muslim Emigrants were in the position of Prophet Abraham himself.

In v. 51-65 other prophets have been mentioned in order to show that Prophet Muhammad had brought the same way of Life that they had, but that their followers had later become corrupt and misguided. In the concluding passage (v. 66-98) a strong criticism has been made of the evil ways of the disbelievers of Makkah while the Believers have been given the good news that they would come out successful and become the beloved of the people in spite of those who oppose them.

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Warning to the Christians - The begining of Surah al-Kahf there is a warning to those who claim divinity to Jesus; وَيُنذِرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا اتَّخَذَ اللَّـهُ وَلَدًا "And to warn those who say, "Allah has taken a son." [18:4] - This warning is followed by a Surah on Mary and the birth of Jesus - a lesson in the true Oneness of God. Allah says in this Surah, مَا كَانَ لِلَّـهِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ مِن وَلَدٍ "It is not [befitting] for Allah to take a son..." [19:35] and تَكَادُ السَّمَاوَاتُ يَتَفَطَّرْنَ مِنْهُ وَتَنشَقُّ الْأَرْضُ وَتَخِرُّ الْجِبَالُ هَدًّا ﴿٩٠﴾ أَن دَعَوْا لِلرَّحْمَـٰنِ وَلَدًا "The heavens almost rupture therefrom and the earth splits open and the mountains collapse in devastation, That they attribute to the Most Merciful a son." [19:90-91]
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Something unique to this Surah is the phrase, "وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ" Make mention in the Book...." in introducing the stories of Maryam, Ibrahim, Musa, Ismail and Idrees. It is repeated 5 times. 
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • The Name of Allah 'ar-Rahman' appears more times in this Surah then any other Surah. It occurs 16 times in this Surah [Ref: Fuwad Abdul Baqi]
  • Rahmah - This Surah has the highest frequency of words derived from R-H-M compared to any other Surah [confirmation needed]
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

It was revealed before the first migration to Abyssinia. We learn from an authentic hadith that Ja’afar (a companion of the Prophet) recited v. 1-40 of this Surah to the court of the Negus when the Muslims had been summoned.

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • ".....The Negus said to Ja’far, “Do you have with you anything from what your Messenger brought from Allah to read to me?” Ja’far said, “Yes,” and recited Surah Maryam from memory....King Negus listened to the recitation of the Qur’an and cried so much that his beard was wet....The Negus said, “Of a truth, this and what Musa brought, come from the same niche. You two may go, for by Allah, I will never give them up and they shall not be betrayed.” [Abridged from Musnad Ahmad - Hasan]
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • Story of Zakariya (Zachariah) and the birth of Prophet Yahya (John) pbuh.
  • Story of Maryam (Mary) and the miraculous birth of Prophet Isa (Jesus) pbuh.
  • Prophet Isa's address to his people from his cradle.
  • The fact that Isa (Jesus), pbuh, is not the son of Allah (God), and that it is not befitting to the Majesty of Allah that He needs a son (i.e. for name, fame, help or continuity of race).
  • Story of Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) and his mushrik father.
  • The fact that all Prophets of Allah were divinely guided and chosen people.
  • Life of the believers and the nonbelievers in this world and in the Hereafter.
  • Those who say, "Allah has begotten a son," preach such a monstrous lie that if they could hear it; the heavens would crack, the earth would split and the mountains would crumble to pieces.
  • Allah has made the Qur'an easy for mankind.
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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