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Overview - Surah 10: Yunus (Jonah) Views: 02480
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 Total Ayat 109
 
 Total Words 1833
 
  Root Words 301
 
Unique Root Words 0
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The surah is named after the Prophet Yunus [Jonah] and this is the only surah of the Qur’an to mention the ‘people of Yunus’ – “Then has there not been a [single] city that believed so its faith benefited it except the people of Jonah? When they believed, We removed from them the punishment of disgrace in worldly life and gave them enjoyment for a time” 10:98

There are 109 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

This discourse deals with the invitation to the Message admonition and warning. In the very introductory verses the invitation has been extended like this: “The people consider it a strange thing that this Message is being conveyed by a human being and charge him with sorcery whereas there is nothing strange in it nor has it any connection with sorcery or sooth saying. It simply informs you of two realities. First God Who has created the universe and manages it is in fact your Master and Lord and He alone is entitled to your worship. The second reality is that after the life in this world there will be another life in the Next World where you shall have to render full account of the life of this world and be rewarded or punished according to whether you adopted the righteous attitude as required by Him after acknowledging Him as your Masters or acted against His will. Both of these realities which the Messenger is presenting before you are “realities” in themselves whether you acknowledge them as such or not. He is inviting you to accept these and regulate your lives in accordance with them; if you accept them, you will have a very blessed end; otherwise you shall be met with evil consequences.”

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

We learn from hadith the Surah was revealed in Makkah. But there are some people who are of the opinion that some of its verses were revealed at Madinah. This is however a superficial view. The continuity of the theme clearly shows that this does not comprise isolated verses or discourses that were revealed at different times and on different occasions. On the contrary it is from the beginning to the end a closely connected discourse which must have been revealed at one sitting. Besides this the nature of its theme is itself a clear proof that the Surah belongs to the Makkan period. [Ref: Mawdudi]

Some consider it to have been revealed after Surah al-Isra [17] and before Hud [11] – which would place it around year 11 of Prophethood.[Ref: Ibn Ashoor, Tahrir wa Tanwir]

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

We have no hadith in regard to the time of its revelation but its subject matter gives clear indication that it must have been revealed during the last stage of the Prophet’s residence at Makkah. For the mode of the discourse suggests that at the time of its revelation the antagonism of the opponents of the Message had become so intense that they could not tolerate even the presence of the Prophet and his followers among themselves and that things had come to such a pass as to leave no hope that they would ever understand and accept the Message of the Prophet. This indicates that the last stage of the Prophet’s life among the people had come and the final warning like the one in this Surah had to be given. These characteristics of the discourse are clear proof that it was revealed during the last stage of the Movement at Makkah. Another thing that determines more specifically the order of the Surahs of the last stage at Makkah is the mention (or absence) of some open or covert hint about emigration (Hijrah) from Makkah. As this Surah does not contain any hint whatsoever about this it is a proof that it preceded those Surahs which contain it. Now that we have specified the time of its revelation there is no need of repeating its historical background because that has already been stated in Surah 6: al-An’am (The Grazing Livestock) and  Surah 7: al-A’raf (The Elevations).

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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • One of the key phrases of this surah is, ‘….those who do not expect the meeting with Us….’ [10:7]
  • After the Law [Shariah] has been laid out and explained in the previous Surahs, we begin stories of Prophets.
  • Allah is the only Creator of this universe.
  • Deities whom the mushrikin worship other than Allah, have no power to either benefit or harm anyone.
  • Deities other than Allah are not even aware that they are being worshiped.
  • To every nation Allah sent a Rasool for guidance.
  • Al-Qur'an provides a cure for all the problems of mankind.
  • Mushrikin follow nothing but conjectures & The story of the Prophet Nuh and his people.
  • The story of the Prophet Musa, Fir'on, and his chiefs.
  • Belief after seeing the scourge did not benefit any nation except the nation of the Prophet Yunus.
  • Prohibition against forcing anyone to convert to Islam.
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 26/04/2016
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