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Surah al-Fatihah (The Opening) 1 : 2 Views: 04498
Overview - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - DISPLAY ALL
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ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ
Translations:
Saheeh Int.
[All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds -
 
 
Qur'an Dictionary
Click word/image to see root word
Translation Arabic word
(1:2:1)
al-ḥamdu
All praises and thanks
(1:2:2)
lillahi
(be) to Allah
(1:2:3)
rabbi
the Lord
(1:2:4)
l-ʿālamīna
of the universe
   
Surah al-Fatihah 1 : 2
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

Explanatory Note

Praise of God is the first feeling aroused in a believer’s heart at the mention of God. For man’s own existence is an aspect of God’s infinite grace, which engenders gratitude and reverence towards God. The manifestations of God’s munificence and generosity to man and other creatures abound everywhere and can be seen at every moment. To praise God at the beginning and at the end of every action is another fundamental principle of the Islamic faith. The Qur’ān says: “He is God; there is no deity but He. To Him belongs praise in the first and in the last...” [28: 70]
 
Nevertheless, God’s grace is such that when a believer says, ‘praise be to God,’ it is recorded for him as a good deed outweighing everything. `Umar ibn al-Khaţţāb, the Prophet’s Companion, relates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) told how a man once said, “Lord, I praise You as befits the majesty of Your face and the greatness of Your power.” The two angels accompanying that man could not evaluate the remark and referred to God Almighty, who commanded them: “Register it in his record as he said it, and I shall reward him as he deserves when he returns to Me.”

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2. Linguistic Analysis [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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3. Surah Overview Last edited: 04/03/2016
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4. Miscellaneous Information [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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5. Connected/Related Ayat [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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6. Frequency of the word [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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7. Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

It is one of the very earliest revelations to the Prophet. As a matter of fact, we learn from authentic hadith that it was the first complete Surah which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad. Before this, only a few verses were revealed which form parts of Surah 96: al-‘Alaq (The Clinging Substance) Surah 68: al-Qalam (The Pen), Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The Enwrapped One) and Surah 74: al-Muddathir (The Cloaked One).

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8. Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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9. Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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10. Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

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11. Tafsir Quotes Last edited: 04/03/2016
 
ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
 
  الطبري - جامع البيان
  ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
  القرطبي - الجامع لأحكام
  البغوي - معالم التنزيل
  ابن أبي حاتم الرازي - تفسير القرآن
  ابن عاشور - التحرير والتنوير
  ابن القيم - تفسير ابن قيّم
  السيوطي - الدر المنثور
  الشنقيطي - أضواء البيان
  ابن الجوزي - زاد المسير
  الآلوسي - روح المعاني
  ابن عطية - المحرر الوجيز
  الرازي - مفاتيح الغيب
  أبو السعود - إرشاد العقل السليم
  الزمخشري - الكشاف
  البقاعي - نظم الدرر
  الهداية إلى بلوغ النهاية — مكي ابن أبي طالب
  القاسمي - محاسن التأويل
  الماوردي - النكت والعيون
  السعدي - تيسير الكريم الرحمن
  عبد الرحمن الثعالبي - الجواهر الحسان
  السمرقندي - بحر العلوم
  أبو إسحاق الثعلبي - الكشف والبيان
  الشوكاني - فتح القدير
  النيسابوري - التفسير البسيط
  أبو حيان - البحر المحيط
  البيضاوي - أنوار التنزيل
  النسفي - مدارك التنزيل
  ابن جُزَيّ - التسهيل لعلوم التنزيل
  علي الواحدي النيسابوري - الوجيز
  السيوطي - تفسير الجلالين
  المختصر في التفسير — مركز تفسير
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12. External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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