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Surah al-Hashr (The Gathering ) 59 : 9 Views: 04077
Overview - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - DISPLAY ALL
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وَٱلَّذِينَ تَبَوَّءُو ٱلدَّارَ وَٱلْإِيمَٰنَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ يُحِبُّونَ مَنْ هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَا يَجِدُونَ فِى صُدُورِهِمْ حَاجَةً مِّمَّآ أُوتُوا۟ وَيُؤْثِرُونَ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كَانَ بِهِمْ خَصَاصَةٌ ۚ وَمَن يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِۦ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْمُفْلِحُونَ
Translations:
Saheeh Int.
And [also for] those who were settled in al-Madinah and [adopted] the faith before them. They love those who emigrated to them and find not any want in their breasts of what the emigrants were given but give [them] preference over themselves, even though they are in privation. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul - it is those who will be the successful.
 
 
Qur'an Dictionary
Click word/image to see root word
Translation Arabic word
(59:9:1)
wa-alladhīna
And those who
(59:9:2)
tabawwaū
settled
(59:9:3)
l-dāra
(in) the home
(59:9:4)
wal-īmāna
and (accepted) faith
(59:9:5)
(59:9:6)
qablihim
before them
(59:9:7)
yuḥibbūna
love
(59:9:8)
(59:9:9)
hājara
emigrated
(59:9:10)
ilayhim
to them
(59:9:11)
(59:9:12)
yajidūna
they find
(59:9:13)
(59:9:14)
ṣudūrihim
their breasts
(59:9:15)
ḥājatan
any want
(59:9:16)
(59:9:17)
ūtū
they were given
(59:9:18)
wayu'thirūna
but prefer
(59:9:19)
(59:9:20)
anfusihim
themselves
(59:9:21)
(59:9:22)
kāna
was
(59:9:23)
(59:9:24)
khaṣāṣatun
poverty
(59:9:25)
(59:9:26)
yūqa
is saved
(59:9:27)
shuḥḥa
(from) stinginess
(59:9:28)
nafsihi
(of) his soul
(59:9:29)
(59:9:30)
(59:9:31)
l-muf'liḥūna
(are) the successful ones
   
Surah al-Hashr 59 : 9
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems [ edit ] Last edited: 25/02/2017

Explanatory Note

This is again a bright, true picture showing the Ansar's main distinctive features. These were a unique group of people. They achieved, in practice, standards which most people would think too idealistic to be true and rose to levels that were too high even for our imaginations.

"And to those who were already firmly established in the Home and in faith." The Home means the town, Yathrib, to which the Prophet and his followers in Makkah migrated. Thereafter, it has been known as Madinah, meaning The City, or the Prophet's own city. The Ansar were firmly settled there, long before the arrival of the Muhajirin. They were also firmly established in faith, as if faith had become a part of their own dwelling place. The image here has clear connotations, yet it is the closest description of the Ansar's attitude towards faith. It became their place of living where their hearts and souls settled in peace. They flocked to it like homing pigeons.

We do not find in human history an event similar to the reception given by the Ansar to the Muhajirin: it reflected genuine love and unparalleled generosity. The Ansar happily shared their possessions with their immigrant brethren, competing with each other in offering them their homes and shouldering the burden of hospitality. It is reported that in every case, lots were drawn to decide where each one of the Muhajirin would settle, because the numbers of the Ansar offering their homes were more than the numbers of the Muhajirin needing to be settled. They "harbour no desire in their hearts for whatever the others may have been given." The Muhajirin are, at times, given an exceptionally high position, but the Ansar harbour no feeling of envy as a result. They may be given special treatment, as in the case of the gains made in this encounter. Again the Ansar accept this willingly.

"They give them preference over themselves, even though they are in want." To give preference to others when one is in need oneself is a high summit to reach, one which the Ansar scaled in a way unknown anywhere else in human history. This was their true description in every case. They always exceeded what is normal in people's lives.

"And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul it is those who will be the successful." It is personal greed that hinders every good thing. Goodness means giving in one way or another: one gives away money, love, emotions, effort and indeed one gives one's life when necessary. A person with greed cannot do what is good, because he always wants to take and not give. Therefore, a person saved from his own greed is spared the need to overcome this obstacle. He moves on to give generously with a feeling of gratification. This is true success.

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2. Linguistic Analysis [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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   * The data is still being updated for both of these graphs.

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3. Surah Overview Last edited: 04/03/2016
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4. Miscellaneous Information [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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5. Connected/Related Ayat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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6. Frequency of the word [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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7. Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

Bukhari and Muslim contain a hadith from Sa’id bin Jubair to the effect “When I asked Abdullah bin Abbas about Surah Al-Hashr, he replied that it was sent down concerning the battle against the Banu-Nadheer just as Surah 8: al-Anfal (The Spoils of War) was sent down concerning the Battle of Badr. “As for the question as to when this battle took place, Imam Zuhri has stated on the authority of Urwah bin Zubair that it took place six months after the Battle of Badr. However, Ibn Sa’d, Ibn Hisham and Baladhuri regard it as an event of Rabi’ al-Awwal, 4 A.H.

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8. Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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9. Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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10. Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

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11. Tafsir Quotes Last edited: 04/03/2016
 
ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
 
  الطبري - جامع البيان
  ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
  القرطبي - الجامع لأحكام
  البغوي - معالم التنزيل
  ابن أبي حاتم الرازي - تفسير القرآن
  ابن عاشور - التحرير والتنوير
  ابن القيم - تفسير ابن قيّم
  السيوطي - الدر المنثور
  الشنقيطي - أضواء البيان
  ابن الجوزي - زاد المسير
  الآلوسي - روح المعاني
  ابن عطية - المحرر الوجيز
  الرازي - مفاتيح الغيب
  أبو السعود - إرشاد العقل السليم
  الزمخشري - الكشاف
  البقاعي - نظم الدرر
  الهداية إلى بلوغ النهاية — مكي ابن أبي طالب
  القاسمي - محاسن التأويل
  الماوردي - النكت والعيون
  السعدي - تيسير الكريم الرحمن
  عبد الرحمن الثعالبي - الجواهر الحسان
  السمرقندي - بحر العلوم
  أبو إسحاق الثعلبي - الكشف والبيان
  الشوكاني - فتح القدير
  النيسابوري - التفسير البسيط
  أبو حيان - البحر المحيط
  البيضاوي - أنوار التنزيل
  النسفي - مدارك التنزيل
  ابن جُزَيّ - التسهيل لعلوم التنزيل
  علي الواحدي النيسابوري - الوجيز
  السيوطي - تفسير الجلالين
  المختصر في التفسير — مركز تفسير
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12. External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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