Main Page
Select Surah
Ayat
Translations:
 Saheeh Int.
 Khan/Hilali
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
 Daryabadi
 Abdel Haleem
 Taqi Usmani
 Transliteration
Latest Edits
Mushaf View
Qur'an Dictionary
News/Updates
Reporting Analytics
About Us
Guidelines
Contact Us
Share Qur'an Wiki
Most Visited Ayat
al-Baqarah: 33
al-Fatihah: 1
al-Fatihah: 2
at-Taubah: 5
al-A`raf: 31
Most Visited Surah
al-Fatihah
al-Baqarah
Ale-Imran
Al-Isra
an-Nas
 
 
Create account | Login
Article Display All Mushaf View Qur'an Dictionary Dashboard  
Surah al-Hashr (The Gathering ) 59 : 2 Views: 04080
Overview - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - DISPLAY ALL
<< PrevNext >>
هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَخْرَجَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ مِنْ أَهْلِ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ مِن دِيَٰرِهِمْ لِأَوَّلِ ٱلْحَشْرِ ۚ مَا ظَنَنتُمْ أَن يَخْرُجُوا۟ ۖ وَظَنُّوٓا۟ أَنَّهُم مَّانِعَتُهُمْ حُصُونُهُم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ فَأَتَىٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَمْ يَحْتَسِبُوا۟ ۖ وَقَذَفَ فِى قُلُوبِهِمُ ٱلرُّعْبَ ۚ يُخْرِبُونَ بُيُوتَهُم بِأَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَيْدِى ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَٱعْتَبِرُوا۟ يَٰٓأُو۟لِى ٱلْأَبْصَٰرِ
Translations:
Saheeh Int.
It is He who expelled the ones who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think they would leave, and they thought that their fortresses would protect them from Allah; but [the decree of] Allah came upon them from where they had not expected, and He cast terror into their hearts [so] they destroyed their houses by their [own] hands and the hands of the believers. So take warning, O people of vision.
 
 
Qur'an Dictionary
Click word/image to see root word
Translation Arabic word
(59:2:1)
(59:2:2)
alladhī
(is) the One Who
(59:2:3)
akhraja
expelled
(59:2:4)
alladhīna
those who
(59:2:5)
kafarū
disbelieved
(59:2:6)
(59:2:7)
ahli
(the) People
(59:2:8)
l-kitābi
(of) the Scripture
(59:2:9)
(59:2:10)
diyārihim
their homes
(59:2:11)
li-awwali
at (the) first
(59:2:12)
l-ḥashri
gathering
(59:2:13)
(59:2:14)
ẓanantum
you think
(59:2:15)
(59:2:16)
yakhrujū
they would leave
(59:2:17)
waẓannū
and they thought
(59:2:18)
(59:2:19)
māniʿatuhum
would defend them
(59:2:20)
ḥuṣūnuhum
their fortresses
(59:2:21)
(59:2:22)
l-lahi
Allah
(59:2:23)
fa-atāhumu
But came to them
(59:2:24)
l-lahu
Allah
(59:2:25)
(59:2:26)
ḥaythu
where
(59:2:27)
(59:2:28)
yaḥtasibū
they expected
(59:2:29)
waqadhafa
and He cast
(59:2:30)
(59:2:31)
qulūbihimu
their hearts
(59:2:32)
l-ruʿ'ba
[the] terror
(59:2:33)
yukh'ribūna
they destroyed
(59:2:34)
buyūtahum
their houses
(59:2:35)
bi-aydīhim
with their hands
(59:2:36)
wa-aydī
and the hands
(59:2:37)
l-mu'minīna
(of) the believers
(59:2:38)
fa-iʿ'tabirū
So take a lesson
(59:2:39)
yāulī
O those endowed
(59:2:40)
l-abṣāri
(with) insight
   
Surah al-Hashr 59 : 2
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems [ edit ] Last edited: 25/02/2017

Explanatory Note

From these verses we learn that it was God who drove those unbelievers among the people of earlier revelations out of their homes, which is described here as the first gathering. God is indeed the doer of whatever takes place, but the way the statement is phrased lays direct emphasis on this fact, implying that God undertook to drive them out, without putting it under the cover of human action. It was He who drove them to the land from where they will be gathered, which means that they could not return to the land from which they were evacuated.

.God's direct action is further emphasized in the following sentences in the verse: "You never thought they would go; while they thought that their fortifications would protect them against God." You did not expect them to leave, and they could not have imagined that this would happen to them. Within their fortifications, so they believed, they were just too strong to be driven out. They felt themselves secure, forgetting God's power that cannot be stopped by mere fortifications.

"God came upon them from where they had not expected, casting terror into their hearts."  He struck fear in their hearts, and so they opened the gates to their fortifications with their own hands. He showed them that they were not in possession of their own souls, and could not control their hearts. They could not defy God with their willpower, let alone with buildings and forts. They reckoned with every possibility except that they would be attacked from within themselves. Thus is the case when God wills something to happen. He approaches it as He knows best and from where He can; He certainly knows everything and is able to accomplish what He wants. There is no need, then, for the means people resort to. Instead, the means for Him are always there, ready to use. All means and causes are of His own making; none is difficult for Him to employ. He is indeed the Almighty, the Wise.

Those unbelievers from among the people of earlier revelations sought to shield themselves from attack by staying within their fortifications, but God came upon them from where they least expected, scaring them to the bone. They thought they had protection within their homes, but God made them destroy their own homes themselves and He allowed the believers to partake in this destruction: "Thus, they destroyed their homes by their own hands, as well as the hands of the believers." Thus the account of what happened to those people is complete, portrayed in a telling image.

Back to Top   
2. Linguistic Analysis [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
 

   * The data is still being updated for both of these graphs.

Back to Top   
3. Surah Overview Last edited: 04/03/2016
Back to Top   
4. Miscellaneous Information [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
5. Connected/Related Ayat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
6. Frequency of the word [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
7. Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

Bukhari and Muslim contain a hadith from Sa’id bin Jubair to the effect “When I asked Abdullah bin Abbas about Surah Al-Hashr, he replied that it was sent down concerning the battle against the Banu-Nadheer just as Surah 8: al-Anfal (The Spoils of War) was sent down concerning the Battle of Badr. “As for the question as to when this battle took place, Imam Zuhri has stated on the authority of Urwah bin Zubair that it took place six months after the Battle of Badr. However, Ibn Sa’d, Ibn Hisham and Baladhuri regard it as an event of Rabi’ al-Awwal, 4 A.H.

Back to Top   
8. Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
9. Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
10. Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

Login to enter your comments
Back to Top   
11. Tafsir Quotes Last edited: 04/03/2016
 
ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
 
  الطبري - جامع البيان
  ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
  القرطبي - الجامع لأحكام
  البغوي - معالم التنزيل
  ابن أبي حاتم الرازي - تفسير القرآن
  ابن عاشور - التحرير والتنوير
  ابن القيم - تفسير ابن قيّم
  السيوطي - الدر المنثور
  الشنقيطي - أضواء البيان
  ابن الجوزي - زاد المسير
  الآلوسي - روح المعاني
  ابن عطية - المحرر الوجيز
  الرازي - مفاتيح الغيب
  أبو السعود - إرشاد العقل السليم
  الزمخشري - الكشاف
  البقاعي - نظم الدرر
  الهداية إلى بلوغ النهاية — مكي ابن أبي طالب
  القاسمي - محاسن التأويل
  الماوردي - النكت والعيون
  السعدي - تيسير الكريم الرحمن
  عبد الرحمن الثعالبي - الجواهر الحسان
  السمرقندي - بحر العلوم
  أبو إسحاق الثعلبي - الكشف والبيان
  الشوكاني - فتح القدير
  النيسابوري - التفسير البسيط
  أبو حيان - البحر المحيط
  البيضاوي - أنوار التنزيل
  النسفي - مدارك التنزيل
  ابن جُزَيّ - التسهيل لعلوم التنزيل
  علي الواحدي النيسابوري - الوجيز
  السيوطي - تفسير الجلالين
  المختصر في التفسير — مركز تفسير
Back to Top   
12. External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
The data for this section is awaiting to be be uploaded. Be the first to contribute.
Back to Top   
 
     © 2016 - 2017 Qur'an Wiki - Studying Divine Speech. | Disclaimer