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Surah Fussilat (Explained in Detail) 41 : 15 Views: 04102
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فَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَٱسْتَكْبَرُوا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ بِغَيْرِ ٱلْحَقِّ وَقَالُوا۟ مَنْ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا قُوَّةً ۖ أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَهُمْ هُوَ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً ۖ وَكَانُوا۟ بِـَٔايَٰتِنَا يَجْحَدُونَ
Translations:
Saheeh Int.
As for 'Aad, they were arrogant upon the earth without right and said, "Who is greater than us in strength?" Did they not consider that Allah who created them was greater than them in strength? But they were rejecting Our signs.
 
 
Qur'an Dictionary
Click word/image to see root word
Translation Arabic word
(41:15:1)
fa-ammā
Then as for
(41:15:2)
ʿādun
Aad
(41:15:3)
fa-is'takbarū
they were arrogant
(41:15:4)
(41:15:5)
l-arḍi
the land
(41:15:6)
bighayri
without
(41:15:7)
l-ḥaqi
[the] right
(41:15:8)
waqālū
and they said
(41:15:9)
(41:15:10)
ashaddu
(is) mightier
(41:15:11)
(41:15:12)
quwwatan
(in) strength
(41:15:13)
(41:15:14)
yaraw
they see
(41:15:15)
(41:15:16)
l-laha
Allah
(41:15:17)
alladhī
the One Who
(41:15:18)
khalaqahum
created them
(41:15:19)
(41:15:20)
ashaddu
(is) Mightier
(41:15:21)
(41:15:22)
quwwatan
(in) strength
(41:15:23)
wakānū
But they used to
(41:15:24)
biāyātinā
in Our Signs
(41:15:25)
yajḥadūna
deny
   
Surah Fussilat 41 : 15
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems [ edit ] Last edited: 09/03/2017

Explanatory Note

Up to this point, the surah speaks of the fates of both peoples as if they are one: both were struck by thunderbolts. Now, the surah gives us some specific details about both peoples: "As for the 'Ad, they behaved arrogantly through the land, against all right, and said: Who is mightier than us?"

The right attitude is that all creatures should submit to God and that people should not behave arrogantly. Who, then, are the 'Ad in comparison to God's great creation? All arrogant behaviour, by whatever creature, is against all right.

Yet these people thought themselves powerful. They asked: "Who is mightier than us?" This is the false sense exhibited by all tyrants when they feel that they have silenced all opposition and that none can stand against their power. They forget the truth: "Did they not realize that Goth who created them, was mightier than them?' This is a basic truth: the One who originated them is more powerful than they. He was the One who enabled them to exercise their power in the first place, albeit in the limited measure He allowed them. Yet tyrants always overlook facts: "They continued to reject Our revelations."

 

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3. Surah Overview Last edited: 04/03/2016
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4. Miscellaneous Information [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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5. Connected/Related Ayat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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7. Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

According to authentic hadith, it was sent down after the affirmation of the Faith by Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet and before the affirmation of the Faith by Umar. Muhammad bin Ishaq, the earliest biographer of the Prophet, has related on the authority of Muhammad bin Ka’b al-Qurzi (a  famous Companion), that one day some of the Quraysh chiefs were sitting in their assembly in the Masjid al-Haram, while in another corner of the Mosque there was the Prophet sitting by himself. This was the time when Hamza had already embraced Islam and the people of the Quraysh were feeling upset at the growing numbers of the Muslims. On this occasion, Utbah bin Rabi’ah (the father-in-law of Abu Sufyan) said to the Quraysh chiefs: “Gentlemen, if you like I would go and speak to Muhammad and put before him some proposals; maybe that he accepts one of them, to which we may also agree, and so he stops opposing us.” They all agreed to this, and Utbah went and sat by the Prophet. When the Prophet turned to him, he said: “Nephew, you know the high status that you enjoy in the community by virtue of your ancestry and family relations, but you have put your people to great trouble: you have created divisions among them and you consider them to be fools: you talk ill of their religion and gods, and say things as though all our forefathers were pagans. Now listen to me and I shall make some suggestions. Consider them well: maybe that you accept one of them.” The Prophet said: “Abul Walid, say what you want to say and I shall listen to you.” He said, “Nephew, if by what you are doing, you want wealth, we will give you enough of it so that you will be the richest man among us; if you want to became an important man, we will make you our chief and will never decide a matter without you; if you want to be a king, we will accept you as our king; and if you are visited by a Jinn, whom you cannot get rid of by your own power, we will arrange the best physicians and have you treated at our own expense.” ‘Utbah went on speaking in this strain and the Prophet went on listening to him quietly. Then he said, “Have you said, O Abul Walid, what you had to say?” He replied that he had. The Prophet said: “Well, now listen to me.” Then pronouncing Bismillah ir Rahman-ir-Rahim he began to recite this very Surah, and Utbah kept on listening to it, putting his hands behind his back and leaning on them as he listened. Coming to the verse of prostration (v. 37) the Prophet prostrated himself; then raising his head, said, “This was my reply, O Abul Walid, now you may act as you please.” Then Utbah arose and walked back towards the chiefs, the people saw him from afar, and said: “By God! Utbah’s face is changed. He does not look the same man that he was when he went from here.” Then, when he came back and sat down, the people asked, “What have you heard?” He replied, “By God! I have heard something the like of which I had never heard before. By God, it’s neither poetry, nor sorcery, nor magic. O chiefs of the Quraysh, listen to what I say and leave this man to himself. I think what he recites is going to have its effect. If the other Arabs overcome him, you will be saved from raising your hand against your brother, and the others will deal with him. But if he overcame Arabia, his sovereignty would be your sovereignty and his honour your honour.” Hearing this the chiefs spoke out: “You too, O father of Walid, have been bewitched by his tongue.” Utbah replied, “I have given you my opinion; now you may act as you please.” (Ibn Hisham, vol. I, pp. 313-314).

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8. Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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9. Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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10. Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

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11. Tafsir Quotes Last edited: 04/03/2016
 
ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
 
  الطبري - جامع البيان
  ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
  القرطبي - الجامع لأحكام
  البغوي - معالم التنزيل
  ابن أبي حاتم الرازي - تفسير القرآن
  ابن عاشور - التحرير والتنوير
  ابن القيم - تفسير ابن قيّم
  السيوطي - الدر المنثور
  الشنقيطي - أضواء البيان
  ابن الجوزي - زاد المسير
  الآلوسي - روح المعاني
  ابن عطية - المحرر الوجيز
  الرازي - مفاتيح الغيب
  أبو السعود - إرشاد العقل السليم
  الزمخشري - الكشاف
  البقاعي - نظم الدرر
  الهداية إلى بلوغ النهاية — مكي ابن أبي طالب
  القاسمي - محاسن التأويل
  الماوردي - النكت والعيون
  السعدي - تيسير الكريم الرحمن
  عبد الرحمن الثعالبي - الجواهر الحسان
  السمرقندي - بحر العلوم
  أبو إسحاق الثعلبي - الكشف والبيان
  الشوكاني - فتح القدير
  النيسابوري - التفسير البسيط
  أبو حيان - البحر المحيط
  البيضاوي - أنوار التنزيل
  النسفي - مدارك التنزيل
  ابن جُزَيّ - التسهيل لعلوم التنزيل
  علي الواحدي النيسابوري - الوجيز
  السيوطي - تفسير الجلالين
  المختصر في التفسير — مركز تفسير
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12. External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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