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Surah Fussilat (Explained in Detail) 41 : 11 Views: 04113
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ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰٓ إِلَى ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَهِىَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَلِلْأَرْضِ ٱئْتِيَا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا قَالَتَآ أَتَيْنَا طَآئِعِينَ
Translations:
Saheeh Int.
Then He directed Himself to the heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, "Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion." They said, "We have come willingly."
 
 
Qur'an Dictionary
Click word/image to see root word
Translation Arabic word
(41:11:1)
(41:11:2)
is'tawā
He directed (Himself)
(41:11:3)
ilā
towards
(41:11:4)
l-samāi
the heaven
(41:11:5)
(41:11:6)
dukhānun
smoke
(41:11:7)
faqāla
and He said
(41:11:8)
(41:11:9)
walil'arḍi
and to the earth
(41:11:10)
i'tiyā
Come both of you
(41:11:11)
ṭawʿan
willingly
(41:11:12)
(41:11:13)
karhan
unwillingly
(41:11:14)
qālatā
They both said
(41:11:15)
ataynā
We come
(41:11:16)
ṭāiʿīna
willingly
   
Surah Fussilat 41 : 11
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems [ edit ] Last edited: 09/03/2017

Explanatory Note

A Design for the Sky then, He applied His design to the sky, which was but smoke; and said to it and to the earth: 'Come, both of you, willingly or unwillingly.' They both said: 'We do come willingly' So He decreed that they become seven heavens in two days, and assigned to each We adorned the sky nearest to the earth with lights, and made them secure. Such is the design of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. (Verses 11-12)

What is meant here by the application of God's design is that it was His will to do so. The word, 'then', may not signify a chronological order; rather, it may mean turning to something higher. In our sense, the sky is higher. "Then, He applied His design to the sky, which was but smoke." (Verse 11) Scientists believe that before the existence of stars there was what they call the nebula, a cloud of gas, or rather, smoke.
The nebulas, bright or dark, contain gas and dust, which is nothing other than what is left after the creation of the stars. The theory says that the galaxy was first formed of gas and dust, from which all stars were formed by a process of deposition and sedimentation. Yet some of the gas and dust remained, and from the remainder, the nebulas formed. Yet in this great galaxy remains a large quantity, equal to that which went into the formation of the stars. The stars continue to pull some of it by gravity, which means that the stars are dusting the sky to remove what is left, yet these dusters are too few in relation to the amount that needs to be dusted away and the space that needs to be cleaned.

This may be true because it is close to the meaning of the Qur'anic statement: "Then, He applied His design to the sky, which was but smoke."  It is also closer to the fact that the creation of the skies was completed over a very long period of time, taking two of God's days.

A willing submission, the verse then adds a statement expressing an awesome truth: "and said to it and to the earth: Come, both of you, willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We do come willingly."    

This is a remarkable reference to the fact of the universe being under God's control. It submits to its Creator and willingly does His bidding. This leaves only man who, in most cases, submits to God's law unwillingly. The law inevitably applies to him and he cannot take himself out of its domain. Man is no more than a little gear in the great machinery of the universe. All universal laws apply to him, whether he likes them or not. Yet he is the only creature who does not make the same submission as the earth and the sky. He always tries to deviate from an easy and smooth path, and, thus, he collides with the laws of nature, which will inevitably overpower him. He will then submit, albeit unwillingly. Exceptions to this are God's servants who, in their hearts, concepts, desires and actions, are not in conflict with the overall Divine law. These people submit willingly and find their way easy and smooth. They move in line with the movement of the universe, turning to God and living in harmony with all that exists. They are able to achieve wonders and produce miracles. They have no conflict with any force in the universe; on the contrary, they derive from its powers.
We, humans, submit to God's law unwillingly. How much better it would be for us to submit willingly, as do the earth and the skies. We would then enjoy the happiness that results from being consistent with the rest of the universe. At times, we also come up with what is absurd! The wheel of God's will turns in the way, direction and speed set for it, turning the universe with it according to well defined laws of nature. Yet we, out of all creation in the universe, try to force the wheel to run faster or slower, responding to what may motivate us of worry, selfishness, greed, fear or desire. We may move to this side or that, while the rest of creation moves along a well defined way. This inevitably means that we run into a collision here or there, endure pain or suffer a fatal crash. Thus, all our efforts and power go to waste. We should know, however, that when we truly believe, submit to God and relate to the rest of the universe, we will clearly understand our role, coordinate our movements with those of the universe, and move at the right time and speed, within the right space.

Thus our movements will benefit by the power God has placed in the universe to produce truly great results. We will experience no arrogance or conceit because we know the source of the power that enabled us to accomplish our great deeds. We will be certain that we do not achieve such results by our own efforts working in isolation. Instead, we achieve them when only we derive all that we do from the greatest power.
When we do this on our short journey spent on planet earth that submits willingly to God, we feel happy, comfortable and reassured. Indeed, the whole planet joins us on its own journey to its Lord. Moreover, we will enjoy the great peace that pours into our spirits as we live in a friendly universe submitting to its Lord. We will join the universe in willing submission to Him and, as a result, we will have no conflict with the universe, because we are part of it and we move with it in the same direction.
"They both said: We do come willingly. So He decreed that they become seven heavens in two days, and assigned to each heaven its task." (Verses 11-12)

.....read more
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2. Linguistic Analysis [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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3. Surah Overview Last edited: 04/03/2016
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4. Miscellaneous Information [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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5. Connected/Related Ayat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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6. Frequency of the word [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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7. Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

According to authentic hadith, it was sent down after the affirmation of the Faith by Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet and before the affirmation of the Faith by Umar. Muhammad bin Ishaq, the earliest biographer of the Prophet, has related on the authority of Muhammad bin Ka’b al-Qurzi (a  famous Companion), that one day some of the Quraysh chiefs were sitting in their assembly in the Masjid al-Haram, while in another corner of the Mosque there was the Prophet sitting by himself. This was the time when Hamza had already embraced Islam and the people of the Quraysh were feeling upset at the growing numbers of the Muslims. On this occasion, Utbah bin Rabi’ah (the father-in-law of Abu Sufyan) said to the Quraysh chiefs: “Gentlemen, if you like I would go and speak to Muhammad and put before him some proposals; maybe that he accepts one of them, to which we may also agree, and so he stops opposing us.” They all agreed to this, and Utbah went and sat by the Prophet. When the Prophet turned to him, he said: “Nephew, you know the high status that you enjoy in the community by virtue of your ancestry and family relations, but you have put your people to great trouble: you have created divisions among them and you consider them to be fools: you talk ill of their religion and gods, and say things as though all our forefathers were pagans. Now listen to me and I shall make some suggestions. Consider them well: maybe that you accept one of them.” The Prophet said: “Abul Walid, say what you want to say and I shall listen to you.” He said, “Nephew, if by what you are doing, you want wealth, we will give you enough of it so that you will be the richest man among us; if you want to became an important man, we will make you our chief and will never decide a matter without you; if you want to be a king, we will accept you as our king; and if you are visited by a Jinn, whom you cannot get rid of by your own power, we will arrange the best physicians and have you treated at our own expense.” ‘Utbah went on speaking in this strain and the Prophet went on listening to him quietly. Then he said, “Have you said, O Abul Walid, what you had to say?” He replied that he had. The Prophet said: “Well, now listen to me.” Then pronouncing Bismillah ir Rahman-ir-Rahim he began to recite this very Surah, and Utbah kept on listening to it, putting his hands behind his back and leaning on them as he listened. Coming to the verse of prostration (v. 37) the Prophet prostrated himself; then raising his head, said, “This was my reply, O Abul Walid, now you may act as you please.” Then Utbah arose and walked back towards the chiefs, the people saw him from afar, and said: “By God! Utbah’s face is changed. He does not look the same man that he was when he went from here.” Then, when he came back and sat down, the people asked, “What have you heard?” He replied, “By God! I have heard something the like of which I had never heard before. By God, it’s neither poetry, nor sorcery, nor magic. O chiefs of the Quraysh, listen to what I say and leave this man to himself. I think what he recites is going to have its effect. If the other Arabs overcome him, you will be saved from raising your hand against your brother, and the others will deal with him. But if he overcame Arabia, his sovereignty would be your sovereignty and his honour your honour.” Hearing this the chiefs spoke out: “You too, O father of Walid, have been bewitched by his tongue.” Utbah replied, “I have given you my opinion; now you may act as you please.” (Ibn Hisham, vol. I, pp. 313-314).

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8. Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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9. Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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10. Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

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11. Tafsir Quotes Last edited: 04/03/2016
 
ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
 
  الطبري - جامع البيان
  ابن كثير - تفسير القرآن العظيم
  القرطبي - الجامع لأحكام
  البغوي - معالم التنزيل
  ابن أبي حاتم الرازي - تفسير القرآن
  ابن عاشور - التحرير والتنوير
  ابن القيم - تفسير ابن قيّم
  السيوطي - الدر المنثور
  الشنقيطي - أضواء البيان
  ابن الجوزي - زاد المسير
  الآلوسي - روح المعاني
  ابن عطية - المحرر الوجيز
  الرازي - مفاتيح الغيب
  أبو السعود - إرشاد العقل السليم
  الزمخشري - الكشاف
  البقاعي - نظم الدرر
  الهداية إلى بلوغ النهاية — مكي ابن أبي طالب
  القاسمي - محاسن التأويل
  الماوردي - النكت والعيون
  السعدي - تيسير الكريم الرحمن
  عبد الرحمن الثعالبي - الجواهر الحسان
  السمرقندي - بحر العلوم
  أبو إسحاق الثعلبي - الكشف والبيان
  الشوكاني - فتح القدير
  النيسابوري - التفسير البسيط
  أبو حيان - البحر المحيط
  البيضاوي - أنوار التنزيل
  النسفي - مدارك التنزيل
  ابن جُزَيّ - التسهيل لعلوم التنزيل
  علي الواحدي النيسابوري - الوجيز
  السيوطي - تفسير الجلالين
  المختصر في التفسير — مركز تفسير
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12. External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

Scientific Truths in The Qur'an [PDF] - http://quranproject.org/Scientific-Truths-in-The-Quran-518-d

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